livinghumanity

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, commonly known as the Sakharov Prize, is an honorary award for individuals or groups who have dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought.Named after Russian scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov, the prize was established in December 1988 by the European Parliament. A shortlist of nominees is drawn up annually by the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs and Committee on Development. The MEPs who make up those committees then select a shortlist in September. Thereafter, the final choice is given to The European Parliament's Conference of Presidents (President and political group's leaders) and the laureate's name is announced late in October. The prize is awarded in a ceremony at the Parliament's Strasbourg hemicycle (round chamber) in December. The prize includes a monetary award of €50,000.

SlName CountryFlagYearAwarded For
49Woman, Life, Freedom movementIran2023 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
48Mahsa Jina Amini †Iran2023 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
47The Ukrainian peopleUkrine2022 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
46Alexei NavalnyRussia2021 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
45Democratic opposition in BelarusBelarus2020 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
44Ilham Tohtichina2019 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
43Oleg SentsovUkrine2018 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
42Democratic opposition in VenezuelaVenezuela2017 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
41Lamiya Aji BasharIraq2016 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
40Nadia MuradIraq2016 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
39Raif BadawiSaudi Arabia2015 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
38Denis MukwegeCongo2014 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
37Malala YousafzaiPakistan2013 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
36Nasrin SotoudehIran2012 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
35Jafar PanahiIran2012 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
34Mohamed Bouazizi †Tunisia2011 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
33Ali FarzatSyria2011 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
32Razan ZaitounehSyria2011 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
31Ahmed al-SenussiLibya2011 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
30Asmaa MahfouzEgypt2011 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
29Guillermo FariñasCuba2010 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
28MemorialRussia2009 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
27Hu Jiachina2008 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
26Salih Mahmoud OsmanSudan2007 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
25Alaksandar MilinkievičBelarus2006 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
24Hauwa IbrahimNigeria2005 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
23Reporters Without BordersInternational2005 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
22Ladies in WhiteCuba2005 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
21Belarusian Association of JournalistsBelarus2004 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
20United NationsUN2003 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
19Kofi AnnanGhana2003 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
18Oswaldo PayáCuba2002 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
17Dom Zacarias KamwenhoAngola200 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
16Izzat GhazzawiPalestine2001 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
15Nurit Peled-ElhananIsrael2001 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
14¡Basta Ya!Spain2000 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
13Xanana GusmãoEast Timor1999 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
12Ibrahim RugovaYugoslavia1998 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
11Salima GhezaliAlgeria1997 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
10Wei Jingshengchina1996 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
9Leyla ZanaTurkey1995 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
8Taslima NasrinBangladesh1994 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
7OslobođenjeBosania & Herzegovina1993 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
6Mothers of the Plaza de MayoArgentina1992 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
5Adem DemaçiYugoslavia1991 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
4Aung San Suu KyiMyanmar1990 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
3Alexander DubčekCzecholslovakia1989 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
2Anatoly Marchenko †Soviet Union1988 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought
1Nelson MandelaSouth Africa1988 dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought Laureates (2030 ~ 2021)

Woman, Life, Freedom movement

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2023

Mahsa Jina Amini †

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2023

The Ukrainian people

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2022

Alexei Navalny

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2021

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought Laureates (2020 ~ 2011)

Democratic opposition in Belarus

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2020

Ilham Tohti

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2019

Oleg Sentsov

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2018

Democratic opposition in Venezuela

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2017

Lamiya Aji Bashar

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2016

Nadia Murad

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2016

Raif Badawi

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2015

Denis Mukwege

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2014

Malala Yousafzai

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2013

Nasrin Sotoudeh

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2012

Jafar Panahi

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2012

Mohamed Bouazizi †

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2011

Ali Farzat

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2011

Razan Zaitouneh

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2011

Ahmed al-Senussi

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2011

Asmaa Mahfouz

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2011

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought Laureates (2010 ~ 2001)

Guillermo Fariñas

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Memorial

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Hu Jia

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Salih Mahmoud Osman

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Alaksandar Milinkievič

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Hauwa Ibrahim

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

Reporters Without Borders

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2005

Ladies in White

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2005

Belarusian Association of Journalists

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2004

United Nations

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2003

Kofi Annan

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2003

Oswaldo Payá

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2002

Dom Zacarias Kamwenho

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2001

Izzat Ghazzawi

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2001

Nurit Peled-Elhanan

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2001

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought Laureates (2000 ~ 1991)

¡Basta Ya!

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2000

Xanana Gusmão

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1999

Ibrahim Rugova

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1998

Salima Ghezali

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1997

Wei Jingsheng

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1996

Leyla Zana

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1995

Taslima Nasrin

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1994

Oslobođenje

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1993

Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1992

Adem Demaçi

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1991

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought Laureates (1990 ~ 1991)

Aung San Suu Kyi

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1990

Xanana Gusmão

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1989

Anatoly Marchenko †

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1988

Nelson Mandela

Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 1988